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25th World Congress on Cancer Science and Therapy

Baltimore, USA

Hem D Shukla

University of Maryland, USA

Title: Oxidative stress induced NRF2 regulation in BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells and identification of therapeutic targets

Biography

Biography: Hem D Shukla

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive human malignancies and ninth leading cause of cancer death in the world. Estimated new cases and deaths from pancreatic cancer in 2013 in the United States would be 45,220 and deaths 38,460. Most patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer die within 6 months, and only 4% survive 5 years after diagnosis. Pancreatic cancer is characterized by colossal local invasion and early metastatic growth to the liver and regional lymph nodes. Expression of Nrf2 was up-regulated in oxidatively stressed BxPC-3 cell line and ductal adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, the BxPC-3 cell line responds to stress signals and resist chemotherapeutic interventions and have shown drug resistance. The Nrf2 has also been implicated in proliferation in certain pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Normally, ROS levels are tightly controlled by an inducible antioxidant program that responds to cellular stressors and is predominantly regulated by the transcription factor Nrf2. We have also identified the presence of a number of gene products involved in integrin signaling pathways. The comparative proteomic analysis using Protein Center and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis have shown the activation of DNA repair pathway genes like RAD50, ApeX, damage-specific DNA binding protein, which have the capability to repair DNA damage. The activation of NRF2 transcriptional factor and its phosphorylation in BxPC-3 treated cells shows that it may bind to the DNA at the location of the Antioxidant Response Element (ARE) or also called hARE (Human Antioxidant Response Element), which is the master regulator of the total antioxidant defense system. The proteomic data have also shown the activation of INT-ILK-PT3K-ILKAP-AKT and Cav-1-GRB2-SOS-cRas-Raf-MEK cascades. These results may have some promise in therapeutic intervention in the treatment of pancreatic cancer adenocarcinoma.