Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conference Series LLC LTD Events with over 1000+ Conferences, 1000+ Symposiums
and 1000+ Workshops on Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business.

Explore and learn more about Conference Series LLC LTD : World’s leading Event Organizer

Back

13th Asia-Pacific Oncologists Annual Meeting

Kualalumpur, Malaysia

Sarita Das

Sarita Das

KIIT University, India

Title: Combretastatin A-4 inspired novel 2-aryl-3-arylamino-imidazo-pyridines/pyrazines as tubulin polymerization inhibitors, antimitotic and anticancer agents

Biography

Biography: Sarita Das

Abstract

Based on the pharmacophoric features of the natural product, combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) and its synthetic analogues that inhibit tubulin polymerization, a series of novel 2-aryl-3-arylamino-imidazo-pyridines/pyrazines as potential antitubulin anticancer agents were designed. They were synthesized by a one-pot method involving preparation of isocyanides from the anilines via formylation and subsequent dehydration followed by their reactions with heterocyclic-2-amidines and aldehydes. Compounds 1, 2, 14, and 15 were found to exhibit significant tubulin polymerization inhibition and disruption of tubulin–microtubule dynamics similar to that of CA-4. They showed potent anticancer activities in kidney, breast and cervical cancer cell lines, and relatively low toxicity to normal cells, compared to CA-4. The compounds induced DNA and chromosomal damage, and apoptosis via cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. The molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies revealed that disruption of microtubule dynamics might occur by interaction of the compounds at the colchicine binding site at the a,b-tubulin heterodimer interface, similar to that of CA-4. Molecular modelling analysis showed that two of the three methoxy groups at ring A of all four potent compounds (1, 2, 14, and 15) were involved in bifurcated hydrogen bonding with Cysb241, an important molecular recognition interaction to show tubulin inhibitory activity. In comparison to CA-4, the bridging NH and the imidazo-pyridine/pyrazine moieties in the title compounds provide flexibility for attaining the required dihedral relationship of two aryls and additional pharmacophoric features required for the interaction with the key residues of the colchicine binding site.