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12th World Cancer Conference

London, UK

Thet Thet Lwin

Thet Thet Lwin

Kitasato University, Japan

Title: Tumor imaging of small animal by phase contrast X-ray CT technique

Biography

Biography: Thet Thet Lwin

Abstract

Currently, conventional X-ray absorption CT is used to image various animal models of tumor for accessing the pathological conditions and drug efficiency for tumors. Since the tumor lesions composed of soft tissue has significantly weak absorption in X-ray, tumor imaging with high-spatial- and high-contrast-resolution is difficult without contrast agents. Phase-contrast X-ray technique has approximately 1000-times higher sensitivity than conventional absorption X-ray technique for low atomic number elements as carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen. Then, phase-contrast X-ray CT (PCT) can visualize internal structures of brain, testes and kidney of small animal. Here, spontaneous brain and testicular tumors of aged rat were imaged by PCT using crystal X-ray interferometer without contrast agent. In brain tumor, PCT sectional images well defined the intra-tumor density changes as viable cell growth areas, necrotic and hemorrhage, and edema of cerebrum surrounding tumor. In testicular tumor, PCT sectional images depicted the density different in glandular changes of tumor, and surrounding seminiferous tubular atrophy. Both PCT images resembled to corresponding pathological pictures. In addition, PCT has ability for obtaining three dimensional (3D) data, so 3D tumor growth and intra-vascular migration were clearly accessed. Thus, PCT might be potentially helpful tool for fine depicting the pathological conditions in various animal models of tumor