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25th World Cancer Conference

Rome, Italy

Vasileios L Tzounakas

Vasileios L Tzounakas

National & Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA), Greece

Title: The effect of sex in the storage capacity of red blood cell concentrates in CPD/SAGM

Biography

Biography: Vasileios L Tzounakas

Abstract

Statement of the Problem: Red blood cells (RBCs) are the most frequently transfused blood labile product. The “Donorvariation effect”, which refers to donor-to-donor differences observed in both blood storage quality and 24h recovery, is probably a key factor in the efficiency of transfusion therapy. Donor variation effect may be associated with genetically determined features of RBCs and plasma. The aim of this study was to examine whether thedonor’s sex may independently affect the storage capacity of donated RBCs.
Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: For this purpose, 14 leukoreduced units of RBC concentrates in CPD/SAGM (7 male–7 female) were stored for 42 days at 4-6oC. Several parameters of storage quality (including hemolysis, redox status etc) were examined before and throughout the storage period. SPSS was used for statistical analysis of the results.
Findings: In-bag hemolysis, as well as osmotic and mechanical hemolysis, and intracellular calcium indexes were equally low in both groups during the whole period of storage. On the contrary, redox status markers such as total and uric acid dependent antioxidant capacity of the supernatant were significantly higher in male donors’ units (p<0.01). In the same group of donors, intracellular ROS accumulation was higher during the first two weeks of storage (p<0.05), while exogenously stimulated ROS production was higher after the middle of the storage period (797±220 vs 504±48 RFU, p<0.05).
Conclusion & Significance: Donor’s sex does not seem to affect the hemolytic parameters of the leukoreduced RBC units under storage in CPD/SAGM. Male sex is rather associated with better extracellular antioxidant activity, but worse intracellular redox status and increased susceptibility to exogenous oxidative stimuli. Sex may represent a genetic variant that affects some aspects
of the RBC storage lesion.
This study was supported by “IKY FELLOWSHIPS OF EXCELLENCE FOR POSTGRADUATESTUDIES IN GREECE – SIEMENS PROGRAM” to Vasileios Tzounakas.