5th World Congress on Cancer Therapy
University of Edinburgh, Scotland
Title: Recognizing paediatric brain tumours in the emergency department
Biography: Babakhanlou R
Background: Th ere are significant delays in making a timely diagnosis of brain tumours in children, with a ‘time-to-diagnosis’ of more than three months being reported (1). Th is study aims to identify if physicians are aware of ‘red fl ag’ signs and symptoms for brain tumours in various paediatric age groups, necessitating further investigation. Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to clinicians from various specialties in a teaching hospital in the UK, who were involved in early and late management of children with suspected brain tumour. Data was collected prospectively and entered onto an Excel © spreadsheet for analysis. Results: A total of 60 questionnaires were returned from a variety of clinicians including Paediatricians and Emergency Physicians. Discussion: Th e six symptoms/signs above which more than 60% of clinicians consider as ‘red fl ags’ for brain tumour follow standard teaching about presentation of brain tumour (2). Even rare symptoms/signs were identifi ed as triggers by some of the clinicians (50-75%). Th is indicates a high level of knowledge about clinical signs/symptoms of brain tumours. Th e question then arises why the diagnosis is made so late. Conclusion: Th is small study suggests knowledge may not be the only factor to be addressed if earlier diagnosis of brain tumour in children is to be improved.